Payroll Tax Changes and Other Related Matters for 2020


The FICA tax calculation is comprised of two components: Social Security (SS) and Medicare (MDCR). The federal unemployment tax wage base will remain the same for 2020. The taxable wage base and tax rates for calendar years 2019 and 2020 are summarized as follows:


  Self Employment Social Security Tax Federal Unemployment
  Tax Employee Employer Tax (FUTA)
Wages/earnings subject to tax:        
2019-SS $ 132,900 $ 132,900 $ 132,900 $ 7,000
2019-MDCR No Limit No Limit No Limit  
2020-SS $ 137,700 $ 137,700 $ 137,700 $ 7,000
2020-MDCR No Limit No Limit No Limit  
Tax rate for 2019 and 2020:        
SS 12.40% 6.20% 6.20% 0.6%
MDCR 2.90 B 1.45 C 1.45  
Total rate 15.30% A 7.65% 7.65%  


A deduction is allowed for one-half of the self-employment tax paid.

B On self-employment income over $200,000 ($250,000 for married filing jointly; $125,000 for married filing separately) an additional 0.9% Medicare tax applies. Therefore, the total self-employment tax rate for income over the applicable threshold will be 3.8%.

C Once an employer has paid an employee $200,000 in compensation subject to FICA taxes, an additional 0.9% Medicare tax must be withheld on all FICA compensation paid to that employee during the remainder of the year.



The taxable wage base for Michigan Unemployment Tax is $9,000 for contributing employers that are not delinquent on Michigan unemployment contributions, penalties, or interest. The Michigan unemployment tax rate is computed for each employer based on their unemployment experience.


The Michigan income tax withholding rate for 2020 is 4.25%.



Effective January 1, 2020, the standard mileage rate for business purposes is 57.5 cents per mile.



A copy of the 2019 Form 1099-MISC must be filed with the city reported as the payee’s address if that city imposes a city income tax. Michigan cities that impose city income tax are: Albion, Battle Creek, Benton Harbor, Big Rapids, Detroit, East Lansing, Flint, Grand Rapids, Grayling, Hamtramck, Highland Park, Hudson, Ionia, Jackson, Lansing, Lapeer, Muskegon, Muskegon Heights, Pontiac, Port Huron, Portland, Saginaw, Springfield, and Walker.



Providers of minimum essential health insurance coverage (employers) will be required to file information returns (Forms 1094/1095) with the IRS for the 2019 calendar year no later than February 28, 2020, or March 31, 2020 (if filed electronically). The due date for providing Form 1095-B to the individual recipient is March 2, 2020.



The current federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour; however, some states have a higher minimum wage rate. When the state minimum wage rate is higher than the federal rate, workers must be paid the higher amount. Michigan’s 2019 minimum wage rate for non-tipped employees was $9.45 and increased to $9.65 on January 1, 2020. The minimum wage for tipped employees increased from $3.59 to $3.67 per hour beginning January 1, 2020.

Michigan’s minimum wage is scheduled to continue increasing according to the schedule found on the State of Michigan website.


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If you have additional questions or concerns regarding any of these issues, feel free to contact AHP during normal business hours. AHP provides a full range of payroll processing services including: customized processing and reporting, direct deposit, WEB Employee, ACA compliance reporting, preparation of monthly, quarterly, and annual tax returns, including W-2’s and various other payroll related services. If you are interested in cost savings, continuity in service, and security, feel free to contact AHP to inquire how we can give you that peace of mind and professional service tailored to suit your needs.

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